HASMONEAN DYNASTY PDF
Under the Hasmonean dynasty, which lasted about 80 years, the kingdom regained boundaries not far short of Solomon’s realm, political consolidation under. What was the Hasmonean dynasty? Answer: Hasmonean was the family name of the rebel leader and priest, Mattathias, who began to throw off Seleucid rule. The early Hasmonean rulers were righteous people who were careful not to assume the title of monarch. However, it is an old adage that power corrupts, and .
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Jonathan vanquished even the strategoi of Demetrius II far to the north, in the plain of Hazar, while Simon at the same time took the strong fortress of Beth-zur on the pretext that it harboured supporters of Hasmonexn. The conflict between Hyrcanus and Aristobulus culminated in a civil war that ended when the Roman general Pompey captured Jerusalem in 63 BCE and inaugurated the Roman period of Jewish history.
One suspects that [Bickermann] may have been synasty in his view by an antipathy to Reform Judaism in 19th- and 20th-century Germany. Nevertheless, Jews were divided between those favouring Hellenization and those opposing it, and were divided over allegiance to the Ptolemies or Seleucids.
Jonathan and Simeon, now more experienced in guerilla warfarethought it well to retreat farther, and accordingly fortified in the desert a place called Beth-hogla;  there they were besieged several days by Bacchides. The Hasmoneans lost the territories acquired in Transjordan during the 93 BC Battle of Gadarawhere the Nabataeans ambushed Jannaeus and his forces in a hilly area.
Aretas, bribed by Antipater, who also promised him the restitution of the Arabian towns taken by the Hasmoneans, readily espoused the cause of Hyrcanus and advanced toward Jerusalem with an army of fifty thousand.
Antiochus IV died that same year, and was ultimately succeeded by Demetrius I Soterthe nephew whose throne he had usurped. Herod soon returned, however, and the honors to Antipater’s family continued. Under the Hasmonean dynasty, which lasted about 80 years, the kingdom regained boundaries not far short of Solomon’s realm, political consolidation under Jewish rule was attained and Jewish life flourished. Judges of the Bet Din. Aretas was ordered to withdraw his army from Judea, and while retreating suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of Aristobulus.
Jewish tradition holds that the claiming of kingship by the later Hasmoneans led to their eventual downfall, since that title was only to be held by descendants of the line of King David.
Hasmonean Dynasty | Judaean dynasty |
Tcherikover, perhaps influenced by socialist concerns, saw the uprising hawmonean one of the rural peasants against the rich elite. The Birth and Evolution of Judaism.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Who Were the Hebrews?
Ancient Jewish History: The Hasmonean Dynasty
The victorious Jonathan now took up his residence in the old city of Michmash. Laws Affecting Jews CE. Diodotus Tryphon went with an army to Judea and invited Jonathan to Scythopolis for a friendly conference, where he persuaded him hasmonea dismiss his army of 40, men, promising to give him Ptolemais and other fortresses.
In 63 BC, Judaea became a protectorate of Rome. And when the senate was separated, Antony and Caesar [Augustus] went out, with Herod between cynasty while the consul and the dyynasty of the magistrates went before them, in order to offer sacrifices [to the Roman gods], and to lay the decree in the Capitol. Weights, Measures, and Coins. The Occupation of Canaan. Josephus first mentions them in connection with Jonathan, the successor of Judas Maccabeus “Ant. After five years of war and raids, Judah sought an alliance with the Roman Republic hwsmonean remove the Greeks: Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
The Administration of Judaea. For the next two decades of his reign, Hyrcanus continued, like his father, to rule semi-autonomously from the Seleucids.
The Hellenistic party could no longer attack him without severe consequences. The Twelve Spies Abimelech. Feldman, Meyer Reinhold, Fortress Press,p.
The 3, men of Jonathan protected Demetrius in his capital, Antiochagainst his own subjects. Comparative Studies in Religion.
Upon Hyrcanus’ death, however, Aristobulus jailed his mother and three brothers, including Alexander Jannaeus, and allowed her to starve dynastu. It was now, in the fall ofthat Judah’s successes began to disturb the central government. Views Read Edit View history.
Academies in Babylonia and Erez Israel. According to Josephus, the besiegers kept the enormous price of one thousand drachmas they had asked for the lamb. Greeks and Jews —63 BC”. In the face of this new enemy, Demetrius not only promised to withdraw the garrison from the City of Acre, but also called Jonathan his ally and requested him to send troops. Hannah and her Seven Sons.